Lecture 24: Exam Jam

Should I use the past exam bank?

It's good to practice the different types of questions for the final exam

  • Innocente: It's the same course; materials are the same but examples may be different and there are more questions on different theories we are not expected to learn
  • Lazy: Professor Baker doesn't use questions on previous exams
  • Research: There are some students who think it's the best choice to memorize questions from the past exams; there is research that shows it doesn't help

TIP: Don't commit too much of your time on previous exams.

To access the exam bank, head to the UTM library website and select 'Past Exams'. Make sure the past exams are relevant to UTM and is within the past few years. 

Most-Failed Test Questions

Questions from all three tests that 50% or more of the class failed.


  • Remember (concept memorization) - 25%
  • Understand (practice the context outside its definition) - 50%
  • Apply (Pulling out key concepts to answer the question) - 25%

Question 1: Workers access benefits, higher wages, and better work conditions than in earlier centuries?

  1. A critique of the inevitability of a worker revolution
  2. A critique on inevitability of capitalist society
  3. A critique on the terms bourgeoisie
  4. A critique on capitalism

Question 2: Drug trade creates jobs but destroys community, which can lead to jobs and community. Theory?

  1. Structuralist Functionalist (Always have the position of function even its dysfunction)
  2. Conflict
  3. Dysfunctional theory (NO SUCH THING; It's a made up theory)
  4. social structural analysis

Question 3: Government cracks down on welfare fraud but not other fraud even though those costs more. Theory?

  1. Stratification
  2. Functionalism
  3. Conflict
  4. Labelling

Question 4: The example of crystal meth production and distribution in lecture is an example of:

  1. The application of social network analysis
  2. The health consequences of loosely formed relationships
  3. Illegality and efficiency
  4. Community connections, despite weak ties associated with internet

Question 5: Cost-effective solutions designed to reduce recidivism (the recommiting of crimes) rates?

  1. The medicalization of deviance
  2. Recidivism programming
  3. Deterrence
  4. Restorative justice

Question 6: Which of the following groups exists under the overarching authority of some churches? (Definitional-Type Question)

  1. Cults
  2. Sects
  3. Denominations
  4. Ecclesia

Question 7: Nation's gender equality is related to wealth. But also importance of politics. What is this?

  1. Pay equity
  2. Public policy
  3. Feminist political movements
  4. Representation of women in political office

Question 8: Joshua concludes his romantic partner is similar in terms of SES, religion, and education. What term? (Fairly even spread between A,B,D)

  1. Marriage resources
  2. Third parties
  3. Shared values
  4. Demographic factors

Question 9: Evidence that Canada must reduce discrimination and stratification. Which is not a piece of evidence to support this?

  1. Upward mobility of immigrants slowed, due to credentials
  2. Black Canadaborn men experience discrimination
  3. Aboriginal Canadian making slow progress in raising their education
  4. Canadian-born kids of immigrants are disadvantaged due to race/ethnicity

Short Answer Sample Questions

  • Circle/Underline the parts of the question that you are expected to address
  • Answer the question to the best of your ability

Question 1: Compare Marx's analysis of religion with Durkheim's analysis of religion, making specific use of the concepts "opium of the people" and "collective conscience"?

What are you expected to do for this question?

  • Compare Marx's and Durkheim's theory/lens of religion
  • Specifically use those terms given
  • You are not expected to describe the definition word-by-word; explain "opium of the people" and "collective conscience"
  • Capture the different by describing these concepts

Answering the Question

  • Opium: Religion can make people accept their position in society; stratification or inequality)
  • Opium is a drug; Marx describe it as tranquilizing people
  • Collective Conscience: bringing together; strength; collective/shared
  • Comparison statement

Compare the two concepts and compare the two terms to get a full score

Question 2: First, name each of the four types of norms . Second, explain the relationship between seriousness of the norm and the sections used when norms are violated, providing an example.

Four Types of Norms

  • Folkways
  • Mores
  • Laws (Remember to include laws; it is a type of norm mentioned in LECTURE)
  • Taboos

The more serious the violated norm is, the stronger the sanction is.

  • You can talk about informal and formal sanctions (next-step)


  • Invite yourself over
  • Not Serious (Folkway)
  • Cold Shoulder (Mild Sanction/Informal)
  • Stealing
  • Judicial Response
  • Formal Sanctions

Question 3: First, name and explain any three of the factors underlying marital satisfaction. Second, explain why sociologists state that marital stability now depends on marital satisfaction?

Name and explain 3 of 5 social roots of marital satisfaction

  1. Economic Forces
  2. Marital satisfaction tends to fall and divorce rates tend to rise as you move down the socioeconomic hierarchy or high poverty rates
  3. Family Life Cycle
  4. Marital Satisfaction starts high (when children are born), then falls (child in school), then rises again (reach adulthood)
  5. Divorce Laws
  6. When people are free to end unhappy marriages + remarry, the average level of happiness increase among married people
  7. Housework and Childcare
  8. Marriage happiness is higher among couples who perceive an equitable distribution of housework and childcare
  9. Sex
  10. Having a good sex life is associated with marital satisfaction

Autonomy: Women have greater autonomy; you only stay in a marriage if it's a happy marriage

  • Increase in women's autonomy

Staying in a marriage or leave (divorce); Satisfactory marriage = stable marriage

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